1. if Statement

if x < 0:
  print('It\'s negative!')

2. elif Statement

if x < 0:
  print('It\'s a negative')
elif x == 0:
  print('Equal to zero')
elif 0 < x < 5:
  print('Positive but smaller than 5')

3. else Statement

if x < 0:
  print('It\'s a negative')
elif x == 0:
  print('Equal to zero')
elif 0 < x < 5:
  print('Positive but smaller than 5')
else:
  print('Positive and larger than or equal to 5')

4. Exercises

Exercise 1: We are given 2 numbers stored in variables a and b. Write a program to print the number with the larger value.

Exercise 2: We are given 2 strings s1 and s2. If one is contained in the other, print “One is a substring of the other!”. Otherwise, print “They are distinct strings!”